We live in a time when there is an increasing concern about water shortages. Several studies on the situation of water on Earth have found that freshwater supplies are fast depleting. Every day, unrestricted extraction for household, commercial, and industrial requirements reduces groundwater levels.
For years, global “Save Water” campaigns have been underway to safeguard this vital life supply. While we have learned to use water wisely in our everyday lives, raising worries about widespread water shortages caused by water misuse and climate change challenges have made it critical for each of us to embrace more sustainable water conservation methods, such as rainwater collecting.
What exactly is rainwater harvesting?
Rainwater harvesting is a simple, practical, and energy-efficient method of water conservation. Our forefathers did it widely millennia ago, and we now know why. Rainwater harvesting is the gathering and storage of large amounts of rainwater for future use.
Rainwater harvesting systems are a vital feature of the projects of new-age real estate developers that are devoted to sustainable development. Needless to say, it is also a useful tool for individuals who want to live in an environmentally responsible manner. A rainwater collecting system is predicted to save up to 50% of water use.
How does it work?
There are two methods for collecting rainwater.
1. Capture of surface water
Why should rainfall that falls on the ground just run into the drains? Rainwater gathered in common spaces such as gardens, parks, pavements, fields, or tunnels can be kept in an underground tank for reuse. It may then be used to replenish groundwater levels as well as for irrigation, watering plants and gardens, and flushing toilets.
Roof water collection
Rainwater can also be collected and stored via the roof of a home or structure. Rainwater is collected from the roof and siphoned into a tank for storage using this approach. The stored water can be treated or filtered before being utilized for daily purposes such as cooking and drinking. Untreated water can be utilized for various common activities such as watering plants, washing clothing, cleaning automobiles, and another cleaning.
Why is it significant?
We have already begun to feel nature’s fury in the shape of soaring temperatures, disturbed seasonal cycles, erratic rainfall, and floods and droughts all across the planet. While some areas have copious rain, others face starvation. Every day, a considerable portion of the world’s population struggles to obtain safe drinking water.
With improved water management, rainwater collection can help relieve these issues. Excess water storage allows for water recycling and reuse. Rainwater harvesting, when done on a bigger scale, can help preserve enough water to provide for places suffering from severe water shortages.
What are the advantages?
· Rainwater harvesting replenishes the water that we take from the land. In other words, it aids in the increase of groundwater levels.
· It encourages water conservation by allowing the recycling and reuse of rainwater. The recycled water may be utilized for a variety of everyday requirements, reducing the amount of water consumed from the tap and other sources.
· It decreases reliance on borewells, hence lowering water expenses.
· Excess water storage allows for assistance to be supplied to dry regions confronting water constraints.
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